Pakistani and Indian officials renewed discussions of peace after talks stalled in 2008 upon the Mumbai terrorist attacks in which the attackers had ties to Pakistan. Kashmir, an overwhelmingly Muslim populated region has been a topic of high tension ever since India was released from British rule in 1947.
Since its independence there has been 3 wars fought over Kashmir, with both sides having control over parts, but both claiming full rights to govern the region. With tensions high since the Mumbai attacks, talks finally resumed this year to increase trade and travel in the Kashmir region.
Starting back in 2005 the nations agreed to a bus service between the 2 sides of Kashmir, and the recent talks aims to further travel and increase trade.