The biological (biology = study of life) classification of life is broken down into the following categories: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Nowhere in that list do you see “race.” The reason for that is that race is not real. Humans are homo sapiens, not homo sapiens black or homo sapiens white – just homo sapiens. If this is the case, why is “race” such a huge deal in American and global society and politics?
If we are all homo sapiens, why does our skin look different? Instead of over-thinking that question, why don’t we just be honest? We have different skin color for the same reason we have different eye color, hair color, heights, different size noses and ears, and all of the other physical differences we have.
DNA is composed of the nucleotides GATC : Guanine, Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine. AG and TC are pairs that can only match up with one another. As a result of all life being composed of these 4 nucleotides that are limited on how they can match up, genetic variation is limited. As a matter of fact, humans and dandelions are close to 90% genetically similar. With that fact being established, how different are us humans different from each other? All members of homo sapiens are 99.8 to 99.9% genetically identical.
If we are so identical though, then why do we look so different? Since humans began leaving the African region somewhere between 20 to 50,000 years ago, a mutation (change in genetic code) provided some members of the species with “white” skin. Having moved from Africa outwards to places that is now called Europe, vitamin D increases were important.
“Sun intensity is great enough in equatorial regions that the vitamin can still be made in dark-skinned people despite the ultraviolet shielding effects of melanin,” explained Rick Weiss of the Washington Post. “In the north, where sunlight is less intense and cold weather demands that more clothing be worn, melanin’s ultraviolet shielding became a liability, the thinking goes.”
This does not mean there is a “race gene” though; it means that there is a genetic variation the same as there is variation in eye color in the human genome that impacts the degree of darkness in skin. Humans have roughly 3.1 billion letters in their genome. One genetic mutation for skin color led to a change one letter out of 3.1 billion letters.
What is 1 divided by 3.1 billion? It is essentially 0. Therefore the variation between white skin, black skin, Asian skin and all other variations is 0%.
It is established that race is not in the biological classification of life and that skin is 0% genetically different between each color. With that being said, how could race be argued and one be classified as “racist” or not?
Race in the modern day form is often referred to as a collection of people agreeing to abide by “cultural” restrictions, regulations and ideas. That being said though, most people who “are white” will not be called “black” based upon the following of cultural restrictions, regulations and ideas, and most people who “are black” will not be called “white” based upon the following of cultural restrictions, regulations and ideas.
The attempt to define race as cultural and social has simply fallen apart as it is almost universally distinguished by skin color. One “white” person is Catholic, enjoys country music, romance movies and works as a teacher while another “white” person is atheist, enjoys rap music, sci-fi movies and works as an engineer. One “black” person is Mormon, enjoys rock music, action movies and is a politician while another “black” person is Muslim, enjoys country music, comedies and is a consultant. Despite having drastically different backgrounds or potential backgrounds, they are almost ultimately classified together.
During election cycles that always break down “demographics” by “white voters”, “black voters”, “Hispanic Voters” and so on. Well obviously these people do not follow the same traditions, culture and daily life activities, but they are ultimately grouped together based on a 0% genetic variation.
The fallacy of thinking this way leads to uninformed voting decisions, hatred, bigotry and a society that is inefficiently allocating resources based on imaginary concepts instead of facts. Race is not defined as a biological classification of life and the genetic difference between the universally accepted distinguishing factor of race is in actuality non-existent. If one were to argue a 1/3.1 billion fact in any other argument they would be called out for wasting time and for being statistically insignificant.